Qatar's constitution passed through transitional stages, starting in 1970 before the country gained independence when the first provisional system of governance was enacted. This system was revised in 1972 after the independence and amended to address the requirements and responsibilities of the new phase. Since then, the features and objectives of the State's policies and affiliations were defined at the regional, Arab and Islamic levels. The government and its organs gained much expertise from the actual performance of authority at domestic and international levels.
The legislative amendments that addressed some of the provisions of the basic modified provisional system with respect to the executive authority and the provisions on the inheritance of the Emir's represent an integral part of the constitutional conditions in the country. Also, the issuance of the judicial authority law and other basic laws that regulate civil and commercial transactions were steps on the road to complete the establishment of the State's organs and lay down the foundations of the State of law and institutional governance.